picture: mid-August 2004
leaf, leaf buds, bark, tar oil from bark
anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, tonic, diuretic (leaf), antipruritic(tar oil)
inflammatory conditions of the urinary tract (incl. urethritis and cystitis), urinary stones, rheumatic and arthritic conditions (esp. where kidney function needs support),oedematous states, to ease muscle pain (topically)
In Germany, a birch extract ("birch water") is used as a hair tonic for thinning hair. Deborah has a beautiful birch bark hair clip purchased in Europe. The craftsmanship is amazing.
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